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Confessioni di uno scettico

«…io mi ribello a questa legislazione falsa d’intelletti plumbei che non vedono di là d’una spanna, e che per paura delle idee s’affogano nei fatti, riuscendo a non intendere i fatti ed a non ritrovarne le idee.»

(G. Trezza – Saggi postumi 1885)

Gaetano Trezza (Verona, 13 novembre 1828 – Firenze, 28 ottobre 1892) è stato uno scrittore e filologo italiano.
Sacerdote dal 1850 e professore di latino e greco nel Ginnasio di Verona, durante l’estate del 1856 fu destituito dalle autorità austro-ungariche per le sue idee liberali e incarcerato. Venne poi trasferito al Liceo ginnasio di Cremona, dove continuò la sua propaganda anti-austriaca ed ebbe per discepolo Napoleone Caix. Nel 1862 passò al Liceo di Modena. Lasciato il sacerdozio si rifugiò a Torino; nel 1868, soprattutto grazie al sostegno di Pasquale Villari, fu chiamato sulla cattedra di letteratura latina nell’Istituto di Studi superiori di Firenze, come successore di Vannucci e Bonghi.

Professò l’ideologia positivista in sintonia con il pensiero di Roberto Ardigò, propugnò il darwinismo e le teorie dell’evoluzione; le sue ricerche si orientarono verso la storia del materialismo antico e la sua negazione in San Paolo.

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Statesman

The Statesman (also known by its Latin title, Politicus) is a Socratic dialogue written by Plato.
The text depicts a conversation among Socrates, the mathematician Theodorus, another person named Socrates (referred to as “Socrates the Younger”), and an unnamed philosopher from Elea referred to as “the Stranger”.
It is ostensibly an attempt to arrive at a definition of “statesman,” as opposed to “sophist” or “philosopher” and is presented as following the action of the Sophist.

Translated by Benjamin Jowett

Plato (428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.

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Phaedo

Phaedo also known to ancient readers as “On The Soul”, is one of the best-known dialogues of Plato’s middle period, along with the Republic and the Symposium. The philosophical subject of the dialogue is the immortality of the soul.

Plato (428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.

Translated by Benjamin Jowett (1817 – 1893)

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Euthydemus

Euthydemus, written c. 384 BC, is a dialogue by Plato which satirizes what Plato presents as the logical fallacies of the Sophists.
In it, Socrates describes to his friend Crito a visit he and various youths paid to two brothers, Euthydemus and Dionysodorus, both of whom were prominent Sophists from Chios and Thurii.

The Euthydemus contrasts Socratic argumentation and education with the methods of Sophism, to the detriment of the latter.
Throughout the dialogue, Euthydemus and Dionysodorus continually attempt to ensnare Socrates with what are presented as deceptive and meaningless arguments, primarily to demonstrate their professed philosophical superiority.

As in many of the Socratic dialogues, the two Sophists against whom Socrates argues were indeed real people. Euthydemus was somewhat famous at the time the dialogue was written, and is mentioned several times by both Plato and Aristotle. Likewise, Dionysodorus is mentioned by Xenophon.

Translated by Benjamin Jowett

Plato (428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.

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