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Confucian Holy Places

A holy place is a place that the followers of a religion consider having a special religious significance. A holy place may be visited by the followers of a certain religion, who find inspiration by visiting it; it may be visited also by other people out of curiosity about that particular religion, or else attracted by its historical, artistic, or scenic value. The religion or philosophy, or better religion-and-philosophy, known as Confucianism is a kind of legendary phoenix; it has been periodically destroyed, just to rise again from its ashes. The last astonishing case has happened in modern times. After one century of destruction, culminating in the Cultural Revolution, Confucianism has been gradually making a comeback. It returned to life as a philosophy during the second half of the last century. In this century, a revival is in process also of the religious face of Confucianism. In any case, Confucianism is both a philosophy and a religion, the separation of the two is a Western concern.

We will divide our list of the Confucian holy places in six groups or sections, as follows:
1st Group: The Qufu Area.
2nd Group: Beijing and Other Historic Cities.
3rd Group: Places Related to Confucian Saints.
4th Group: Places Related to Leading Scholars (Sages).
5th Group: Confucian Academies
6th Group: Sacred Mountains.

Umberto Bresciani
1942 Born in Ca’d’Andrea, Cremona, Italy.
1962 High School Graduate (Maturità Classica), Liceo Ballerini, Seregno (MI), Italy.
1968 Licentiate of Philosophy & Theology, Studentato Teologico Saveriano, Parma, Italy.
1969 Entered Chinese Language Institute (Annexed to Fujen University, Taipei, Taiwan).
1973 B.A. (major: History; minor: Chinese Studies), University of Maryland (U.S.A.), Far East Division.
1975 M.A. Chinese Literature, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.
1983 Ph. D. Chinese Literature, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.
Professor of Italian Language: National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei (since 1974).
Professor, Dept. of Italian Language & Culture, Fujen University, Xinzhuang, Taipei, Taiwan (since 2003).
Umberto Bresciani has lived in Taiwan for over 40 years.
His main interest is Chinese philosophical and religious thought and comparative theological studies.

Main publications
Xifang hanxuejia yanjiu wenshidongyi de shangdui (Evaluation of research by Western sinologists on the Wenshidongyi), dissertation for the Ph.D., Chinese Literature, Taipei: National Taiwan University, May 1983.
Reinventing Confucianism: The New Confucian Movement, Taipei: Ricci Institute, 2001.
La filosofia cinese nel ventesimo secolo – I nuovi confuciani, Roma: Urbaniana University Press, 2009.
Il primo principio della filosofia confuciana, Ebook: Passerino Editore, 10 giugno 2014.

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Saint Benedict’s Rule for monasteries

The Rule of Saint Benedict (Latin: Regula Sancti Benedicti) is a book of precepts written in 516 by Benedict of Nursia for monks living communally under the authority of an abbot. The spirit of Saint Benedict’s Rule is summed up in the motto of the Benedictine Confederation: pax (“peace”) and the traditional ora et labora (“pray and work”). Compared to other precepts, the Rule provides a moderate path between individual zeal and formulaic institutionalism; because of this middle ground it has been widely popular. Benedict’s concerns were the needs of monks in a community environment: namely, to establish due order, to foster an understanding of the relational nature of human beings, and to provide a spiritual father to support and strengthen the individual’s ascetic effort and the spiritual growth that is required for the fulfillment of the human vocation, theosis.

Benedict of Nursia (March 480 –  March 547 AD) is a Catholic saint venerated in the Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Oriental Orthodox Churches, the Anglican Communion and Old Catholic Churches. He is a patron saint of Europe.

Translated from the Latin by Leonard J. Doyle.

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On Prayer and The Contemplative Life

Thomas Aquinas (1225 – 1274) was an Italian Dominican friar, philosopher, Catholic priest, and Doctor of the Church. An immensely influential philosopher, theologian, and jurist in the tradition of scholasticism, he is also known within the latter as the Doctor Angelicus, the Doctor Communis, and the Doctor Universalis. The name Aquinas identifies his ancestral origins in the county of Aquino in present-day LazioItaly.  Among other things, he was a prominent proponent of natural theology and the father of a school of though (encompassing both theology and philosophy) known as Thomism. He argued that God is the source of both the light of natural reason and the light of faith. His influence on Western thought is considerable, and much of modern philosophy developed or opposed his ideas, particularly in the areas of ethics, natural law, metaphysics, and political theory.
Unlike many currents in the Catholic Church of the time, Thomas embraced several ideas put forward by Aristotle—whom he called “the Philosopher”—and attempted to synthesize Aristotelian philosophy with the principles of Christianity.

Translator: Hugh Pope

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Il cristianesimo e il lavoro

Il lavoro è definito dalla Dottrina Sociale della Chiesa un diritto fondamentale e un bene per l’uomo: un bene utile, degno di lui perché adatto appunto a esprimere e ad accrescere la dignità umana. La Chiesa insegna il valore del lavoro non solo perché esso è sempre personale, ma anche per il suo carattere di necessità.
Col suo lavoro e col suo ingegno l’uomo ha cercato sempre di sviluppare la propria vita; ma oggi, specialmente con l’aiuto della scienza e della tecnica, ha dilatato e continuamente dilata il suo dominio su quasi tutta la natura e, grazie soprattutto alla moltiplicazione di mezzi di scambio tra le nazioni, la famiglia umana a poco a poco è venuta a riconoscersi e a costituirsi come una comunità unitaria nel mondo intero. 
Gaudium et Spes

Camillo Berneri (Lodi, 20 maggio 1897 – Barcellona, 5 maggio 1937) è stato un filosofo, scrittore e anarchico italiano, ucciso nel maggio 1937 insieme a Francesco Barbieri poco dopo il loro arresto da parte dei comunisti stalinisti del PSUC durante la battaglia intestina al fronte antifascista spagnolo delle giornate di maggio, avvenuta a Barcellona tra comunisti e anarchici durante la guerra civile spagnola.

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