Elizabeth “Betty” Zane McLaughlin Clark (July 19, 1765 – August 23, 1823) was a heroine of the Revolutionary War on the American frontier. She was the daughter of William Andrew Zane and Nancy Ann (née Nolan) Zane, and the sister of Ebenezer Zane, Silas Zane, Jonathan Zane, Isaac Zane and Andrew Zane.
Pearl Zane Grey (January 31, 1872 – October 23, 1939) was an American author and dentist best known for his popular adventure novels and stories associated with the Western genre in literature and the arts; he idealized the American frontier. Riders of the Purple Sage (1912) was his best-selling book.
In addition to the commercial success of his printed works, his books have had second lives and continuing influence when adapted as films and television productions. His novels and short stories have been adapted into 112 films, two television episodes, and a television series, Dick Powell’s Zane Grey Theater.
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The Science of Getting Rich is a book written by the New Thought Movement writer Wallace D. Wattles and published in 1910 by the Elizabeth Towne Company. The book is still in print. According to USA Today, the text is “divided into 17 short, straight-to-the-point chapters that explain how to overcome mental barriers, and how creation, rather than competition, is the hidden key to wealth attraction.”
Wallace Delois Wattles was an American New Thought writer. He remains personally somewhat obscure, but his writing has been widely quoted and remains in print in the New Thought and self-help movements.
Wattles’ best known work is a 1910 book called The Science of Getting Rich in which he explains how to become wealthy.
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The New Thought movement is a spiritual movement which coalesced in the United States in the early 19th century. New Thought was preceded by “ancient thought,” accumulated wisdom and philosopy from a variety of origins, such as Ancient Greek, Roman, Egyptian, Chineses, Taoist, Vedic, Muslim, Hindu, and Buddhist cultures and their related belief systems, primarily regarding the interaction between thought, belief, consciousness in the human mind, and the effects of these within and beyond the human mind. Exploring the power of one person to directly influence another person’s mind to another person’s physical condition and behavior, Franz “Anton” Mesmer experimented with the power of suggestion, practicing so-called Mesmerism (a precursor to hypnotism). The unpublished writings of Phineas Parkhurst Quimby, originally a clock-maker and later known as “the father of New Thought,” show that Quimby built on Mesmer’s methods, and he identified the mind of a person being influenced as the actual locus of control. He theorized that human behavior and human health change after the human mind is convinced to think and believe in so-called “new thoughts” and new beliefs. Quimby gave speeches to explain to people that, since human thoughts and beliefs affect human behavior and human health, people can learn to think and believe in ways which create individual healing. Quimby developed the New Thought philosophy and he used methods such as hypnosis, mind power, and prayer to help people to heal themselves. Quimby’s developing philosophy and healing treatments healed and informed Mary Baker Eddy (known as the mother of the Christian Science movement) and also inspired Emma Curtis Hopkins (1st Editor of the Christian Science Monitor magazine), who went on to influence both religious leaders, leading to the Divine Science and later, Unity faith healing movements; and also non-religious thought leaders. There are numerous smaller groups, most of which are incorporated in the International New Thought Alliance. The contemporary New Thought movement is a loosely allied group of religious denominations, authors, philosophers, and individuals who share a set of beliefs concerning metaphysics, positive thinking, the law of attraction, healing, life force, creative visualization, and personal power.
Joseph Denis Murphy (May 20, 1898 – December 16, 1981) was an Irish-born American author and New Thought minister, ordained in Divine Science and Religious Science.
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First Love is a novella by Ivan Turgenev, first published in 1860. It is one of his most popular pieces of short fiction. It tells the love story between a 21-year-old girl and a 16-year-old boy. First Love was published in March 1860 in the Reader’s Library. Like many of Turgenev’s works, this one is highly autobiographical. Indeed, the author claimed it was the most autobiographical of all his works. Here Turgenev is retelling an incident from his own life, his infatuation with a young neighbor in the country, Catherine Shakovskoy (the Zinaida of the novella), an infatuation that lasted until his discovery that Catherine was in fact his own father’s mistress.
Critics were divided. Some criticized its light subject matter that did not touch upon any of the pressing social and political issues of the day. Others condemned the impropriety of that subject matter, namely a father and son in love with the same woman and a young woman who was the mistress of a married man. But it had its many admirers, including the French novelist Gustave Flaubert, who gushed in a letter to Turgenev, “What an exciting girl that Zinochka [Zinaida] is!” The Countess Lambert, a close acquaintance of Turgenev, told the author that the Russian emperor himself had read the novella to the empress and been delighted by it.
Ivan Sergeyevich Turgenev (1818 – 1883) was a Russian novelist, short story writer, poet, playwright, translator and popularizer of Russian literature in the West. His first major publication, a short story collection entitled A Sportsman’s Sketches (1852), was a milestone of Russian realism, and his novel Fathers and Sons (1862) is regarded as one of the major works of 19th-century fiction.
Translator: Constance Garnett.
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